Candlestick analysis focuses on individual candles, pairs or at most triplets, to read signs on where the market is going. The underlying assumption is that all known information is already reflected in the price. The technique is usually combined with support & resistance
. Each candle contains information about 4 prices: the high, the low, the open and the close. A candle body reflects the net price movement between open and close while the wicks show reversals that occurred within the timeframe of the candle.
Each candlestick, therefore, provides an easy-to-decipher picture of the price action. The length of the wicks versus the length of the body in combination with whether a candle is bullish or bearish, can be used to determine a signal for the price action to come. Common candlesticks that are used in this analysis are dojis, spinning tops, hammers, engulfing candles, pinbars and inside bars.