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# Directional Trend Index (DTI)

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This technique was described by William Blau in his book "Momentum,
Direction and Divergence" (1995). His book focuses on three key aspects
of trading: momentum, direction and divergence. Blau, who was an electrical
engineer before becoming a trader, thoroughly examines the relationship between
price and momentum in step-by-step examples. From this grounding, he then looks
at the deficiencies in other oscillators and introduces some innovative techniques,
including a fresh twist on Stochastics. On directional issues, he analyzes the
intricacies of ADX and offers a unique approach to help define trending and
non-trending periods.
Directional Trend Index is an indicator similar to DM+ developed by Welles Wilder.
The DM+ (a part of Directional Movement System which includes both DM+ and
DM- indicators) indicator helps determine if a security is "trending." William
Blau added to it a zeroline, relative to which the indicator is deemed positive or
negative. A stable uptrend is a period when the DTI value is positive and rising, a
downtrend when it is negative and falling.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//  Copyright by HPotter v1.0 18/04/2014
// This technique was described by William Blau in his book "Momentum,
// Direction and Divergence" (1995). His book focuses on three key aspects
// of trading: momentum, direction and divergence. Blau, who was an electrical
// engineer before becoming a trader, thoroughly examines the relationship between
// price and momentum in step-by-step examples. From this grounding, he then looks
// at the deficiencies in other oscillators and introduces some innovative techniques,
// including a fresh twist on Stochastics. On directional issues, he analyzes the
// intricacies of ADX and offers a unique approach to help define trending and
// non-trending periods.
// Directional Trend Index is an indicator similar to DM+ developed by Welles Wilder.
// The DM+ (a part of Directional Movement System which includes both DM+ and
// DM- indicators) indicator helps determine if a security is "trending." William
// Blau added to it a zeroline, relative to which the indicator is deemed positive or
// negative. A stable uptrend is a period when the DTI value is positive and rising, a
// downtrend when it is negative and falling.
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
study(title="Directional Trend Index (DTI)", shorttitle="DTI")
r = input(14, minval=1)
s = input(10, minval=1)
u = input(5, minval=1)
OB = input(25, minval=1)
OS = input(-25, maxval=-1)
hline(0, color=green, linestyle=line)
xHMU = iff(high - high[1] > 0, high - high[1], 0)
xLMD = iff(low - low[1] < 0, -(low - low[1]), 0)
xPrice = xHMU - xLMD
xPriceAbs = abs(xPrice)
xuXA = ema(ema(ema(xPrice, r),s),u)
xuXAAbs = ema(ema(ema(xPriceAbs, r),s),u)
Val1 = 100 * xuXA
Val2 = xuXAAbs
DTI = iff(Val2 != 0, Val1 / Val2, 0)
plot(DTI, color=maroon, title="DTI")
plot(OB, color=blue, title="OB")
plot(OS, color=red, title="OS")


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