A stock market or equity market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares); these may include securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately.
Stock charts show historical and latest prices for publicly traded companies. Prices represent trades made by stock market participants when they buy and sell shares, which in turn represent ownership of the company. There are different stock chart types, such candlesticks, area, lines and bars to view latest market data. Anyone interested in the stock market, such as reporters, investors and analysts can perform technical analysis on stock charts and identify potential trends. Through technical analysis traders attempt to predict where prices will go next.
Various tools help investors perform technical stock chart analysis, such as technical indicators and drawing tools. Tools can be applied to one or several stock charts, in order to determine any existing correlations or other interactions. Prices on stock charts can be viewed in a number of formats, including candles, bars, lines or shaded areas. Different stock chart types reveal different information about the price tendencies, which means they can be helpful in different situations. Each stock chart can also be viewed in different resolutions, such as days, hours, or minutes. This helps zoom and see more precise market action on any particular stock chart.